Projects

A report of each completed project can be ordered at FSA, if available. 
Further publications are listed under the individual projects.

F 05-9101

Explosion tests in a 60 m³ silo - effectiveness of flame arrestors (available in German only )

A. VOGL, W. BARTKNECHT
The use of flame arrestors at dust explosions on vented enclosures
(available in German only)
VDI-Berichte Nr. 975, Seiten 457 - 479, 1992

F 05-9102

Processes for determining the ignitability of combustible dusts (available in German only)

B. DRECHSLER
Determination of the minimum ignition energy of dust / air mixtures depending on climate parameters
Thesis, University of Applied Sciences Mannheim, 1991
Download (2,82 MB) (available in German only)

D. LORENZ, H. SCHIEBLER
Optical temperature measurements of discharge sparks in relation to their incendivity for dust explosions
(available in German only)
VDI Reports 1601, pp 653-667, 2001

X. LI, S. RADANDT, J. HE, D. LORENZ
Comparison and analysis of different measurement methods for determining the minimum ignition energy of combustible dusts
Gefahrstoffe - Reinhaltung der Luft, 3, pp 89 - 94, 2000
Download (3,7 MB) (available in German only)

F 05-9301

Measurement of Dust Cloud Characteristics in Industrial Plants

F. HAUERT, A. VOGL, S. RADANDT
Measurement of Turbulence and Dust Concentration in Silos and Vessels
Proceedings of the 6th International Colloqium on Dust Explosions, Shenyang, China, 1994

F. HAUERT, A. VOGL
Measurement of Dust Cloud Characteristics in Industrial Plants
Proceedings of the Dust Explosion Conference, London, Great Britain, CREDIT-Project of the European Commision, 1995
Download (4,2 MB)

F. HAUERT, A. VOGL, S. RADANDT
Turbulence and dust concentrations when filling a 12m ³ silo
Staub-Reinhaltung der Luft, 56 (10), 1996
(available in German only)

F. HAUERT, H. FOGT, A. VOGL, D. WENNERBERG, S. RADANDT
Numerical simulations of dust distribution and velocity parameters in a pneumatically filled silo
VDI Report No. 1272, 1996
Download (660 KB) (available in German only)

S. RADANDT
Dust clouds as an explosion risk
Download (4.74 MB)

F 05-9303-2

Optical temperature measurement at discharge sparks in terms of their incendivity to dust / air mixtures

D. LORENZ, H. SCHIEBLER
Optical temperature measurements of discharge sparks in relation to their incendivity for dust explosions
VDI Reports 1601, pp 653-667, 2001
Download (521 KB) (available in german only)

P. CHUPIN
Project work, University of Mannheim, 2009
Download (8,3 MB)

T. VOSKOBOYNIKOVA
Project Work, University of Mannheim, 2007
Download (3,9 MB)

F 05-9304

Investigation of the mechanic of explosion doors during the venting process

Download (7 MB)

D. LORENZ, S. RADANDT
Flying debris caused by an dust explosion - comparison between calculation model and real explosions
VDI Report 1272, pp 347 - 364, 1996
Download (1,2 MB) (available in german only)

F 05-9305

Simulation for flying debris from dust explosions

D. LORENZ
Simulation for flying debris from dust explosions
FSA Project report, 1996
Download (8,2 MB) (available in german only)

D. LORENZ, S. RADANDT
Flying debris caused by dust explosion - comparison between model calculation model and real explosions
VDI Report 1272, 2005
Download (3,6 MB) (available in german only)

F 05-9401

Explosion course in fluidized bed dryer under operating conditions - influence of flow turbulences

W. BARTKNECHT
Findings on the explosion behavior under operating conditions in fluidized bed pilot plants
(available in German only)
Suva Schweizerische Unfallversicherungsanstalt, Luzern, Juli 2003


F 05-9501

The course of dust explosions in a small silo with mechanical and pneumatic filling

F. HAUERT
Influence of Particle Movement and Dust Concentration on the Explosion Characteristics in Food Industry
EuropEx-Seminar, Explosions Safety Matters, Gent, 1996

F. HAUERT, A. VOGL, S. RADANDT
Dust Cloud Characterization and its Influence on the Pressure-Time History in Silos
Process Safety Progress, 15, No. 3, 1996

Download (1 MB)

F 05-9503

Detection of glowing embers in equipment and pipe systems

R. DE VRIES
Detection of glowing embers in pneumatic conveying pipes using detectors and infrared sensors
(available in German only)
Thesis, University of Applied Sciences Mannheim, 2002

D. LORENZ
Safer Ex - A new reliable method for detection of glowing embers
Akzente 5, 2003; Mühle und Mischfutter, 1, 141, 2004
Download (1,1 MB) (available in German only)

D. LORENZ
Safe Ex - Reliable detection of glowing embers
Chemie Technik, 1 / 2, 33, 2004
Download (2,4 MB) (available in German only)

D. LORENZ
Hazard recognition and avert of harzards -
A new reliable method for detecting glowing embers
Akzente 5, 2003; Technische Überwachung, 3, 45, 2004
Download (1,5 MB) (available in German only)

D. LORENZ, M. KRAFT
Detection of glowing embers in moving dust/air mixtures using detectors and infrared sensors
FSA Project Report 2001
Download (2,6 MB) (available in German only)

F 05-9510

Flame propagation in pneumatic pipe systems

A. VOGL
The course of dust explosions in pneumatic suction conveying pipes
(available in German only)
D 82 Thesis RWTH Aachen, Asanger Verlag, Heidelberg, 1995

A. VOGL
Flame Propagation in Pipes of Pneumatic Conveying Systems and Exhaust Equipment
American Institute of Chemical Engineers, Process Safety Progress, Vol. 15, No. 4, pp 219 -226, 1996
Download (886 KB)

F 05-9601

The Influence of the flame jet ignition on the reduced explosion pressure of vented pneumatically filled vessels and silos

M. ROSER
Investigation of Dust Explosion Phenomena in Interconnected Process Vessels 
Berufsgenossenschaft Nahrungsmittel und Gaststätten, Mannheim, 1998

M. ROSER
Investigation of Dust Explosion Phenomena in Interconnected Process Vessels 
Final Report, ISBN 3-00-004732-8

M. ROSER, A. VOGL, S. RADANDT, W. MALALASEKERA, R. PARKIN
Investigations of flame front propagation between interconnected vessels. Development of a new flame front propagation time prediction model 
Journal of Loss Prevention, Vol. 12, September 1999

S. RADANDT
Flame propagation in pipe of interconnected vessel
Download (6,84 MB)

F 05-9704

Explosion propagation from tanks into pipes of pneumatic systems

A. VOGL
Explosion propagation from vessels into pneumatic conveying pipes (available in German only)
VDI Report 1272, pp 215 - 236, 1996

F 05-9705

The course of dust explosions inside grinding plants

C. ZOCKOLL, A. ARNOLD, M. ROSER, A. VOGL, S. RADANDT
Explosion venting experiments on a hammer mill plant under realistic operating conditions (available in German only)
(available in German only)
VDI Report 1601, 2001

F 05-9710

Expert System ExProtect

D. LORENZ
ExProtect - A Software Response to Important Questions on Safety in Dust and Gas Explosions 
Proceedings of the 3rd Worldwide Seminar on the Explosion Phenomenon and on the Application of Explosion Protection Techniques in Practice, Ghent, Belgium, 1999
Download (1,3 MB)

D. LORENZ, H. SCHIEBLER
ExProtect - A Software Response to Important Questions on Safety in Dust and Gas Explosions
Technische Überwachung, 3, pp 19 - 23, 2001
Download (2,9 MB) (available in German only)

D. LORENZ, H. SCHIEBLER
ExProtect - A program tool for answering important questions about applied explosion protection
VDI Report 1601, pp 595 - 618, 2001
Download (1,7 MB) (available in German only)

D. LORENZ
Harzard recognition ands avert of harzards - 
A new reliable method for detecting glowing embers

Prevention Yearbook 2007
Download (398 KB) (available in German only)

D. LORENZ
ExProtect 5.0 – A proven software prepared for the future
Prevention Yearbook 2012 
Download (393 KB) (available in German only)

F 05-9710-2

Expert System ExProtect – Implementation of ExSim

F 05-9801

RASE - Risk assessment of unit operations and equipment

F 05-9802

TREX - Transfer of result from standardisation in the field of protection against explosions to industry, especially SME

F. HAUERT, A. ARNOLD, A. VOGL, S. RADANDT
Explosionsdruckentlastung eines Kleinsilos bei pneumatischer Befüllung mit tangentialer Produkteinleitung
VDI-Berichte 1601, 2001

F. HAUERT, A. VOGL, S. RADANDT
Explosionsdruckentlastung von Behältern und Silos bei tangentialer pneumatischer Befüllung
FSA-Forschungsbericht F-05-9902, 27.07.2001

Download (710 KB)

VDI-Richtlinie 3673
Blatt1, S. 34-35, November 2002

F 05-9901

Methods for determining the dustiness of bulk materials

S. RADANDT
Dustiness of bulk material
Download (4,73 MB)

D. LORENZ, M. SEITHEL
Investigation of interrelation between the electrostatic charge of dust and its tendencies to dust cloud formation
FSA Project Report, 2004
Download (4,2 MB) (available in German only)

K. LAUER
Investigation of interrelation between the electrostatic charge of dust and its tendencies to dust cloud formation
Thesis, University of Applied Sciences Mannheim, 2003
Download (8,3 MB) (available in German only)

M. Nicklisch
Improving of the dust concentration measuring device SKG 5
Thesis, University of Applied Sciences Mannheim, 2005
Download (7,7 MB) (available in German only)

I. KUKUJZEV
Development of a new calibration method for the dust concentration measuring device SKG 5
Thesis, University of Mannheim, 2008
Download (2,0 MB) (available in German only)

F 05-9902

Explosion pressure venting at pneumatic tangential filling

F. HAUERT, A. ARNOLD, A. VOGL, S. RADANDT
Explosion pressure venting on a small silo with pneumatic tangential filling
VDI Report 1601, 2001

F. HAUERT, A. VOGL, S. RADANDT
Explosion venting of vessels and silos at pneumatic tangential filling
FSA Research report F-05-9902, 27.07.2001

Download (710 KB)

VDI Guideline 3673
Part 1, pp. 34-35, November 2002

F 05-9903

Limits of dust explosions transmision through pipes

A. VOGL, S. RADANDT
Explosion propagation through thin pipes
VDI Report 1601, 2001
Download (792 KB) (available in German only)

F 05-0002

Development of an experimental lecture in the field of fire and explosion protection

F 05-0101

Determining auto-ignition temperature in relation to bulk volume

F 05-0103

Explosion propagation through small-diameter pipes

A. VOGL, S. RADANDT
Explosion propagation through thin pipes
VDI Report 1601, 2001 (available in German only)

F 05-0105

Development of new techniques for the detection of glowing embers

R. DE VRIES
Detection of glowing embers in pneumatic conveying pipes using detectors and infrared
Thesis, University of Applied Sciences Mannheim, 2002
Download (3,2 MB) (available in German only)

D. LORENZ
Safer Ex - A new reliable method for detection of glowing embers
Mühle und Mischfutte, 1, 141, 2004
Download (0,9 MB) (available in German only)

D. LORENZ
Safe Ex - Reliable detection of glowing embers
Chemie Technik, 1 / 2, 33, 2004
Download (2,43 MB) (available in German only) 

D. LORENZ
Harzard recognition and avert of harzards - A new reliable method or detecting glowing embers
Akzente 5, 2003
Download (2,3 MB) (available in German only)

D. LORENZ
Harzard recognition and avert of harzards - A new reliable method or detecting glowing embers
VDI Report 1873, 2005
Download (2,6 MB) (available in German only)

D. LORENZ 
Safer EX – mitigation of dust explosion
Sicherheitsingenieur, 2005
Download (644 KB) (available in German only)

D. LORENZ
Harzard recognition and avert of harzards - A new reliable method or detecting glowing embers
Technische Überwachung, Bd. 45, 3, 2004
Download (3,7 MB) (available in German only)

D. LORENZ
Harzard recognition and avert of harzards - A new reliable method or detecting glowing embers
Prevention Yearbook 2007
Download (398 KB)

F 05-0201

DESC-Projekt (Dust Explosion Simulation Code): Measurements of Turbulence and Dust Concentrations in Operating Plant (Abschluß im September 2005)

S. RADANDT
Dust explosion simulation in a filter using DESC
Download (5,89 MB)

F 05-0401

Effectiveness of diverters

A. VOGL
Effectiveness of diverters
VDI conference, "Sichere Handhabung von Stäuben", Nürnberg, 1.-3. March 2005

A. Vogl, P. Schepp, S. Radandt
New findings about diverters fpr explosion isolation
TÜ Bd. 46 (2005) Nr. 9 September
Download (382 KB) (available in german only)

With the kind permission of the journal “Technische Überwachung“  (www.technische-ueberwachung.de).  You can download the full article from here (available in German only).

General information on explosion protection

S. RADANDT
A method to identify explosion risk
Download (399 KB) (available in german only)

S. RADANDT
Explosion risk management of ABS powder processes
Download (6,77 MB)

F05-0701

Constructional Explosion Protection for Elevators

M. ROSER, A. VOGL, S. RADANDT
Constructional Explosion Protection for Elevators
FSA Research Report, 15.06.2010
Download (3,80 MB) (German version)

M. ROSER, A. VOGL, S. RADANDT
Constructional Explosion Protection for Elevators
FSA Research Report, 15.06.2010
Download (3,89 MB) (English version)

A. VOGL, S. RADANDT
New findings about technical explosion protection of bucket elevators
Source: www.technischesicherheit.de
Download (2,7 MB) (available in German only)

G 05-0801

Optimizing of Explosion Protection by Design Measures for Special Industrial Applications

M. ROSER, A. VOGL, S. RADANDT
Optimizing of Explosion Protection by Design Measures for Special Industrial Applications
Part1: Explosion Protection by Design Measures of Bucket Elevators with Explosion Suppression and Chemical Barriers
Final Report
Download (3,64 MB) (German version)

M. ROSER, A. VOGL, S. RADANDT
Optimizing of Explosion Protection by Design Measures for Special Industrial Applications
Part1: Explosion Protection by Design Measures of Bucket Elevators with Explosion Suppression and Chemical Barriers
Final Report
Download (3,63 MB) (English version)

F 05-0803

Early fire detection during grain drying trough CO-detection

C. ZOCKOLL, S. KLEINHANS
Early fire detection during grain drying trough CO-detection
FSA Research Report, February 2011 (available in German only)

Download 
(3,37 MB)